Exothermic surface chemistry on aluminum particles promoting reactivity

Oliver Mulamba, Michelle L. Pantoya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The exothermic surface chemistry associated with the alumina passivation shell surrounding aluminum (Al) particles and fluorine from fluoropolymer materials is investigated. In particular, polytetrafluo-roethylene (PTFE) has been synthesized with varying chain lengths and combined with nanometric Al fuel particles. The Al-PTFE kinetics were analyzed using equilibrium diagnostics including differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) for calorific and phase change behavior coupled with additional flame speed measurements. The objective was to understand the effects of varying PTFE molecular structure on the kinetic and energy propagation behaviors of these composites. Results showed a pre-ignition reaction (PIR) with longer chained PTFE samples and not with the shorter chained PTFE samples. The PIR is attributed to fluorine dislodging hydroxyls from the alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) passivation surface and forming Al-F structures. Composites exhibiting the PIR correspondingly result in significantly higher flame speeds. The PIR surface chemistry may contribute to promoting the melt dispersion mechanism (MDM) responsible for propagating energy in nano Al reactions. Composites with a PIR also have higher heats of combustion in both the PIR and main reaction exotherms. These results help elucidate the influence of molecular scale surface chemistry on macroscopic energy propagation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume315
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Alumina surface reactions
  • Aluminum particles
  • DSC-TGA
  • Flame speeds
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • Pre ignition reaction

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