Examining within-person and between-person associations of family violence and peer deviance on bullying perpetration among middle school students

Nickholas J. Grant, Gabriel Merrin, Matthew T. King, Dorothy L. Espelage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Family violence and peer deviance have been shown to be related to bullying perpetration. Although there are several cross-sectional investigations of these two factors in relation to bullying behavior, no known studies have examined their interactive associations. The current study examines the longitudinal associations of both factors on bullying perpetration using a multilevel approach. Method: Participants included 1,194 Grade 5, 6, and 7 students from four middle schools in a Midwest county. We examined the main and interactive relations between how individual reports of family violence and peer deviance fluctuated over time (i.e., within-person effects) and how average reported differences between individuals (i.e., between-person effects) were associated with levels of bullying perpetration. Results: Positive main effects were found for both family violence and peer deviance on levels of bullying perpetration. Within-person effects indicated that, on average
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-27
JournalPsychology of Violence
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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