Examining eye-fixations during wayfinding in unfamiliar indoor environments

Hessam Ghamari, Debajyoti Pati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


This study aims to identify elements of the designed indoor environment that attract eye-fixation during wayfinding by objectively tracking eye movements and fixation as healthy subjects navigate through a complex, unfamiliar indoor setting. This study investigated environmental attributes, which attract gaze fixations during navigations. The data were collected by tracking gaze fixations (using EyeGuide ® Mobile Tracking Technology) while human subjects navigate within a complex, unfamiliar environment. The study setting was an educational facility on a research campus. This study recruited eighteen adult participants in different genders and various age groups (young, middle-age, and elderly) who were tasked to navigate five different routes. The findings suggested that signs, architectural features, maps, and interior artifacts constitute the environmental attributes that attracted the most frequent attention of users. Identifying signs, architectural features, informational signs, maps, and directional signs constitute the main environmental attributes that attract the attention of the participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-33
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Designed Objects
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2018


  • Environmental Attributes
  • Eye-Fixation
  • Navigation
  • Signage
  • Wayfinding


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