Examining a potential brown treesnake transport pathway: Shipments from Guam

Samantha Kahl, Scott E. Henke, Marc A. Hall, Andrea R. Litt, Gad Perry, David K. Britton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Shipments of cargo and household goods have been identified as pathways for brown treesnake (Boiga irregularis) transport from Guam to other locations. We analyzed data regarding shipments of military household goods leaving Guam during 2006 to 2009 to identify the potential for human transport of brown treesnakes to the United States by determining when shipments most commonly occur and identifying primary receiving areas. We found that the number of shipments was highest during the months of May and June and that California receives more shipments (23% of total shipments) than any other location. Approximately 98% of shipments originated from the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force, with naval shipments increasing over time. Guam is currently undergoing a military buildup during which shipments are expected to increase, suggesting the need for increased vigilance and prioritization of inspection efforts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalHuman-Wildlife Interactions
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012


  • Boiga irregularis
  • Brown treesnake
  • Guam
  • Human-wildlife conflicts
  • Inspection
  • Invasive species
  • Pathway
  • Shipment

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