Exaggerated aortic pulse pressure and wave amplitude during muscle metaboreflex activation in type 2 diabetes patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

<b>Background: </b>Peripheral mean arterial pressure (MAP) responses to muscle metaboreflex activation using postexercise muscle ischemia (PEMI) in type 2 diabetes patients (T2D) are contradictory. Given that aortic pulse pressure (PP) and wave reflections are better indicators of cardiac load than peripheral MAP, we evaluated aortic blood pressure (BP) and wave amplitude during PEMI.<br><b>Methods: </b>Aortic BP and pressure wave amplitudes were measured at rest and during PEMI following isometric handgrip at 30% maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) in 16 T2D and 15 controls. Resting aortic stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, cfPWV) and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were measured.<br><b>Results: </b>Increases in aortic MAP (Δ26 ± 2 mmHg vs. Δ17 ± 2 mmHg), PP (Δ15 ± 2 mmHg vs. Δ10 ± 1 mmHg), augmentation index (AIx) (Δ8.2 ± 1.0% vs. Δ4.5 ± 1.3%), augmented pressure (AP) (Δ11 ± 1 mmHg vs. Δ5 ± 1 mmHg), forward (Pf) (Δ9 ± 1 mmHg vs. Δ5 ± 1 mmHg), and backward pressure waves (Pb
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
StatePublished - Jan 17 2020

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