EX draconis: Using eclipses to separate outside-in and inside-out outbursts

J. M.C. Court, S. Scaringi, C. Littlefield, N. Castro Segura, K. S. Long, T. Maccarone, D. Altamirano, N. Degenaar, R. Wijnands, T. Shahbaz, Z. Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a study of the eclipses in the accreting white dwarf EX Dra during TESS Cycles 14 and 15. During both of the two outbursts present in this dataset, the eclipses undergo a hysteretic loop in eclipse-depth/out-of-eclipse-ux space. In each case, the direction in which the loops are executed strongly suggests an outburst which is triggered near the inner edge of the accretion disk and propagates outwards. This in turn suggests that the outbursts in EX Dra are 'Inside Out' outbursts; events predicted by previous hydrodynamic studies of dwarf nova accretion disks and confirmed spectroscopically in a number of other accreting white dwarf systems. We therefore propose that the direction of the loop executed in eclipse-depth/out-of-eclipse ux space be used as a test to phenomenologically distinguish between 'inside out' and 'outside in' outbursts in other eclipsing dwarf novae; a reliable and purely photometric test to differentiate between these phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Apr 14 2020


  • Accretion disks
  • Cataclysmic variables
  • Eclipses
  • Stars: individual: EX Dra

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