Evaluation of aircraft accident considering panicked passengers using a psychological internal model

Yuki Ueno, Hidetoshi Nakayasu, Tetsuya Miyoshi, Patrick Patterson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

This paper evaluates the flow of passengers towards the emergency exit by using a system simulation based on an autonomous agent and multi-agent system. To represent the behavior of panicked passengers, an internal model was introduced that reflected the changing emotional state of a passenger during an aircraft accident. In this internal model, an agent representing a panicked passenger exhibits non-adaptive behavior, that is, not following social rules regarding queuing in line at the emergency exit in the cabin. From the simulation studies, it was found that the selfish and abnormal behavior of a passenger, attributed to panic-related emotions, caused a slowdown in the cabin's evacuation flow resulting in a delay in the evacuation egress time from an aircraft after an accident. By considering the simulation results from the point of view of social psychology, it was illustrated that the size of evacuation group affects performance during the evacuation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IADIS International Conference Intelligent Systems and Agents 2011, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2011, MCCSIS 2011
Pages3-10
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2011
EventIADIS International Conference Intelligent Systems and Agents 2011, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2011, MCCSIS 2011 - Rome, Italy
Duration: Jul 24 2011Jul 26 2011

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IADIS International Conference Intelligent Systems and Agents 2011, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2011, MCCSIS 2011

Conference

ConferenceIADIS International Conference Intelligent Systems and Agents 2011, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2011, MCCSIS 2011
CountryItaly
CityRome
Period07/24/1107/26/11

Keywords

  • Aircraft emergency evacuation
  • Evacuation dynamics
  • Panicked passenger
  • Psychological model

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