Estimation of electron absorbed fractions in the extrathoracic airways

H. M. Moussa, K. F. Eckerman, L. W. Townsend, R. Pevey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dose calculations using the respiratory tract model presented in Publication 66 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) frequently predict that the basal cells of the anterior portion of the nose, the extrathoracic region ET1 of the model, are the most highly irradiated tissue of the body. The dose to the basal cells is averaged over a layer of tissue 10 μm thick located at a depth of 40 μm into the airway. Reported here are the results of a series of absorbed fraction calculations undertaken to compare with values tabulated in ICRP Publication 66. The Monte Carlo code MCNP4B and the geometric model of the ET1 region specified in Publication 66 were used in the calculations. Although some calculated differences are evident between the two sets of absorbed fractions, typically less than 20%, the calculations confirm that the electron absorbed fractions tabulated in Publication 66 are not responsible for the high estimates of the ET1 dose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-15
Number of pages4
JournalHealth Physics
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Dose, absorbed
  • Modeling, dose assessment
  • Monte Carlo
  • Respiratory system

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