Estimating the refractive error in optical measurements of transport phenomena

Edward E. Anderson, Warren H. Stevenson, Raymond Viskanta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Approximate methods for calculating the error introduced by the deflection of the light beam or refractive error in schlieren, shadowgraph, interferometric, and holographic measurements of transport phenomena are investigated. Relative error is reported for the well-known correction parabola and paraxial approximations as well as for a new first-order approximation in both a linear and nonlinear refractive index field. The first-order approximation is exact in a linear field but is in about the same error as the other approximations in the nonlinear field of a boundary layer. In many cases, actual optical data can be corrected for refractive errors by using the results presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1975


Dive into the research topics of 'Estimating the refractive error in optical measurements of transport phenomena'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this