Estimates of extreme solar particle event radiation exposures on Mars.

Lawrence W. Townsend, Anne M. Adamczyk, Charles M. Werneth, Hanna Moussa, Jeremy P. Townsend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Estimates of effective doses and organ doses for male and female crew members are made for solar particle event proton environments comparable to several of the most significant solar particle events, which occurred in the second half of the 19th century (1864, 1878, 1894, 1895, and 1896). The incident proton energy distributions for these solar particle events are assumed to be similar to that of the November 1960 event, one of the most energetic of the modern space era. The crewmembers are assumed to be located at the mean surface elevation on Mars, at the lowest elevation on Mars in the Hellas Impact Basin, and on the summit of Olympus Mons, the highest surface elevation on Mars. The crewmembers are assumed to be shielded by the overlying carbon dioxide atmosphere of Mars, and locally shielded by a space suit, a surface landing spacecraft, or a surface habitat. These estimates are compared with current NASA Permissible Exposure Limits.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)793-797
JournalProgress in Nuclear Science and Technology
StatePublished - Apr 20 2014


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