Eshelby tensors and overall properties of nano-composites considering both interface stretching and bending effects

Yezeng Huang, Peng Yan, Junbo Wang, Leiting Dong, Satya N. Atluri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, analytical micromechanical models are developed for nanocomposites with both interface stretching and bending effects. First, the interior and exterior Eshelby tensors for a spherical nano-inclusion, with an interface defined by the Steigmann-Ogden (S-O) model, subjected to an arbitrary uniform eigenstrain are derived. Correspondingly, the stress/strain concentration tensors for a spherical nano-inhomogeneity subjected to arbitrary uniform far-field stress/strain loadings are also derived. Using the obtained concentration tensors, the effective bulk and shear moduli are derived by employing the dilute approximation and the Mori-Tanaka method, respectively, which can be used for both nano-composites and nano-porous materials. An equivalent interface curvature parameter reflecting the influence of the interface bending resistance is found, which can significantly simplify the complex expressions of the effective properties. In addition to size-dependency, the closed form expressions show that the effective bulk modulus is invariant to interface bending resistance parameters, in contrast to the effective shear modulus. We also put forward a characteristic interface curvature parameter, near which the effective shear modulus is affected significantly. Numerical results show that the effective shear moduli of nano-composites and nano-porous materials can be greatly improved by an appropriate surface modification. Finally, the derived effective modulus with the S-O interface model is provided in the supplemental MATLAB code, which can be easily executed, and used as a benchmark for semi-analytical solutions and numerical solutions in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-59
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Micromechanics and Molecular Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022


  • Eshelby tensors
  • Papkovich-Neuber solution
  • Steigmann-Ogden interface model
  • effective modulus
  • spherical nano-inhomogeneity


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