Eshelby tensors and overall properties of nano-composites considering both interface stretching and bending effects

Junbo Wang, Peng Yan, Leiting Dong, Satya N. Atluri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, the fundamental framework of analytical micromechanics is generalized to consider nano-composites with both interface stretching and bending effects. The interior and exterior Eshelby tensors for a spherical nano-inclusion, with an interface defined by the Steigmann-Ogden model, subjected to an arbitrary uniform eigenstrain are derived for the first time. Correspondingly, the stress/strain concentration tensors for a spherical nano-inhomogeneity subjected to arbitrary uniform far-field stress/strain loadings are also derived. Using the obtained concentration tensors, the effective bulk and shear moduli are derived by employing the dilute approximation and the Mori-Tanaka method, respectively, which can be used for both nano-composites and nano-porous materials. An equivalent interface curvature parameter reflecting the influence of the interface bending resistance is found, which can significantly simplify the complex expressions of the effective properties. In addition to size-dependency, the closed form expressions show that the effective bulk modulus is invariant to interface bending resistance parameters, in contrast to the effective shear modulus. We also put forward for the first time a characteristic interface curvature parameter, near which the effective shear modulus is affected significantly. Numerical results show that the effective shear moduli of nano-composites and nano-porous materials can be greatly improved by an appropriate surface modification. Finally, the derived effective modulus with the Steigmann-Ogden interface model is provided in the supplemental MATLAB code, which can be easily executed, and used as a benchmark for semi-analytical solutions and numerical solutions in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


  • Effective modulus
  • Eshelby tensors
  • Papkovich-Neuber solution
  • Spherical nano-inhomogeneity
  • Steigmann-Ogden interface model

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