Equivalent weight loss for weight management programs delivered by phone and clinic

Joseph E. Donnelly, Jeannine Goetz, Cheryl Gibson, Debra K. Sullivan, Robert Lee, Bryan K. Smith, Kate Lambourne, Matthew S. Mayo, Suzanne Hunt, Jae Hoon Lee, Jeffrey J. Honas, Richard A. Washburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Face-to-face (FTF) weight management is costly and presents barriers for individuals seeking treatment; thus, alternate delivery systems are needed. The objective of this study was to compare weight management delivered by FTF clinic or group conference calls (phone). Design and Methods Randomized equivalency trial in 295 overweight/obese men/women (BMI = 35.1±4.9, Age = 43.8±10.2, Minority = 39.8%). Weight loss (0-6 months) was achieved by reducing energy intake between 1,200 and 1,500 kcal/day and progressing physical activity (PA) to 300 min/week. Weight maintenance (7-18 months) provided adequate energy to maintain weight and continued 300 min/week of PA. Behavioral weight management strategies were delivered weekly for 6 months and gradually reduced during 7-18 months. A cost analysis provided a comparison of expenses between groups. Results Weight change from baseline to 6 months was -13.4 ± 6.7% and -12.3 ± 7.0% for FTF clinic and phone, respectively. Weight change from 6-18 months was 6.4 ± 7.0% and 6.4 ± 5.2%, for FTF clinic and phone, respectively. The cost to FTF participants was $789.58 more per person. Conclusions Phone delivery provided equivalent weight loss and maintenance and reduced program cost. Ubiquitous access to phones provides a vast reach for this approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1951-1959
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

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