Enhancing sonochemical activity in aqueous media using power-modulated pulsed ultrasound: An initial study

Dominick J. Casadonte, Megan Flores, Christian Petrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Relatively little is known about the effects of pulsed ultrasound on the facilitation of chemical reactivity. Previous studies have indicated that sonochemistry using pulses is generally less effective than continuous ultrasonic irradiation. However, the pulse trains employed were such that the peak power of the pulses was the same as the maximum power used in continuous irradiation. As a result, less acoustic energy was transmitted to the solutions over the same period of time. The effectiveness of ultrasound when the pulse is adjusted so that the same amount of acoustic energy is input compared to continuous irradiation over a given time has not been previously explored. In this study we have embarked on an examination of the efficacy of power-modulated pulsed (PMP) sonochemistry. Specifically, we have explored the effects of pulse type and pulse frequency on the oxidation of potassium iodide and the degradation of acid orange, a common industrial colorant. A rate increase by a factor of three was observed compared with continuous irradiation under conditions of equivalent acoustic input power.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Acid orange
  • Environmental remediation
  • Pulsed sonochemistry
  • Sonication
  • Ultrasound

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Enhancing sonochemical activity in aqueous media using power-modulated pulsed ultrasound: An initial study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this