Enhancing female older adults’ spatial visualisation ability via a virtual pattern-making module

Seoha Min, Hyo Jung Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines how virtual pattern-making training enhances older adults’ spatial visualisation ability, depending on their ethnic background. Following receipt of IRB approval, a total of 600 female older adults were recruited to the study. To assess participants’ current spatial visualisation ability, a letter rotation test was employed both pre-test and post-test. A virtual pattern-making training video was developed using a virtual prototyping programme, Browzwear VStitcher. The training video explained the basic concept of virtual pattern-making with examples, and participants were then asked to watch the video between pre-test and post-test. The results of the two tests were compared using a paired sample t-test. The results found that, of the four ethnic groups, African American showed a significant improvement in letter rotation scores after the training. The findings of this study will contribute to the knowledge and understanding of virtual pattern-making in relation to older adults’ cognitive skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022


  • Spatial visualisation ability
  • aging
  • cognitive training
  • older adults
  • pattern-making
  • virtual technology


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