The study examined the effect of chromium supplementation on the response of steers to an LPS challenge. Steers received a premix that added 0 (control; n = 10) or 0.2 mg/kg of chromium (n = 10) to the total diet on a dry matter basis for 56 d. Steers were fitted with jugular catheters and rectal temperature (RT) recording devices on d 52. Blood samples were collected and sickness behavior scores assigned to each steer relative to an LPS challenge (0.5 μg/kg) on d 55. Pre-LPS RT were greater in chromium-supplemented than in control steers. Post-LPS RT increased in both treatments, with control steers producing a greater change in RT than chromium-supplemented steers. Sickness behavior scores were greater in control than in chromium-supplemented steers post-LPS (P = 0.03). Cortisol concentrations did not differ between treatments pre-LPS. Post-LPS cortisol concentrations increased but did not differ due to treatment. Concentrations of IL-4 increased post-LPS but were not affected by treatment pre- or post-LPS. Treatment did not affect pre-LPS TNF-α or IFN-γ. Post-LPS TNF-α and IFN-γ increased in both treatments, with chromium-supplemented steers producing greater TNF-α (P = 0.005) and IFN-γ (P = 0.004) than control steers. Pre-LPS IL-6 was greater (P = 0.027) in chromium-supplemented steers than in control steers. Post-LPS IL-6 increased in both treatments and was greater (P < 0.001) in chromium-supplemented than in control steers. These data suggest that chromium supplementation enhances the acute phase response of steers to an LPS challenge, which may expedite recovery.
- Acute phase response
- sickness behavior