Enhanced aortic macrophage lipid accumulation and inflammatory response in LDL receptor null mice fed an atherogenic diet

Shu Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effect of an atherogenic diet on inflammatory response and elicited peritoneal macrophage (Mphi) cholesterol accumulation in relation to aortic lesion formation was assessed in LDL receptor null (LDLr-/-) mice. Mice were fed an atherogenic or control diet for 32 weeks. The atherogenic relative to control diet resulted in significantly higher plasma monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations, more aortic wall Mphi deposition, higher serum non HDL-cholesterol concentrations and total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratios, and greater accumulation of both aortic free and esterified cholesterol. Elicited peritoneal Mphi selectively accumulated longer chain unsaturated fatty acids in their membrane, independent of the dietary fatty acid profile. Elicited peritoneal Mphi isolated from mice fed the atherogenic relative to control diet had significantly less arachidonic acid levels, accumulated significantly h
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-711
JournalLipids
StatePublished - Aug 5 2010

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