Engineering food crops to grow in harsh environments

Damar López-Arredondo, Sandra Isabel González-Morales, Elohim Bello-Bello, Gerardo Alejo-Jacuinde, Luis Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Achieving sustainable agriculture and producing enough food for the increasing global population will require effective strategies to cope with harsh environments such as water and nutrient stress, high temperatures and compacted soils with high impedance that drastically reduce crop yield. Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular, cellular and epigenetic mechanisms that orchestrate plant responses to abiotic stress will serve as the platform to engineer improved crop plants with better designed root system architecture and optimized metabolism to enhance water and nutrients uptake and use efficiency and/or soil penetration. In this review we discuss such advances and how the generated knowledge could be used to integrate effective strategies to engineer crops by gene transfer or genome editing technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number651
JournalF1000Research
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2015

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