Those in the global chemical enterprise now agree that the future of the chemical industry depends on becoming more sustainable. Such a goal includes developing energy sources that are not based on fossil fuels, and that do not release large quantities of climate-changing gases. This goal implies developing technologies that effectively collect stranded renewable energy - solar and wind - and enable long-term energy storage and long-distance energy delivery from remote areas. Solar and wind energy are continuing to get cheaper, but they are far from population centers and storage/transmission is difficult. Hence, smallscale distributed manufacturing processes that directly convert the renewable energy to transportable chemicals are important.