Sustainability of laser additive manufacturing needs to be evaluated for finding an optimal compromise between technical development and sustainable performance. The emergy-based life-cycle assessment (Em-LCA) methodology is applied to investigate the sustainability of laser engineered net shaping (LENS) by comparing that of the computer numerical control (CNC) machining for gear manufacturing. Based on the emergy accounting methodology, the emergy-based sustainability index (ESI) is constructed to indicate the sustainability of the two technologies. In addition, contributions of different processes in the two manufacturing options to the final sustainability have been identified for future improvement. The results indicate that Em-LCA offers a practical sustainability assessment tool. The sustainability of the LENS process is much higher than that of the CNC machining. In the end, several countermeasures are proposed to improve the sustainability of the manufacturing technologies.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology|
|State||Published - Jun 19 2019|
- CNC machining
- Emergy-based life-cycle assessment
- Laser additive manufacturing
- Sustainability assessment