Emerging role of non‐coding RNA in health and disease

Gurjit Kaur Bhatti, Naina Khullar, Inderpal Singh Sidhu, Uma Shanker Navik, Arubala P. Reddy, P. Hemachandra Reddy, Jasvinder Singh Bhatti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Human diseases have always been a significant turf of concern since the origin of mankind. It is cardinal to know the cause, treatment, and cure for every disease condition. With the advent and advancement in technology, the molecular arena at the microscopic level to study the mechanism, progression, and therapy is more rational and authentic pave than a macroscopic approach. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have now emerged as indispensable players in the diagnosis, development, and therapeutics of every abnormality concerning physiology, pathology, genetics, epigenetics, oncology, and developmental diseases. This is a comprehensive attempt to collate all the existing and proven strategies, techniques, mechanisms of genetic disorders including Silver Russell Syndrome, Fascio- scapula humeral muscular dystrophy, cardiovascular diseases (atherosclerosis, cardiac fibrosis, hypertension, etc.), neurodegenerative diseases (Spino-cerebral ataxia type 7, Spino-cerebral ataxia type 8, Spinal muscular atrophy, Opitz-Kaveggia syndrome, etc.) cancers (cervix, breast, lung cancer, etc.), and infectious diseases (viral) studied so far. This article encompasses discovery, biogenesis, classification, and evolutionary prospects of the existence of this junk RNA along with the integrated networks involving chromatin remodelling, dosage compensation, genome imprinting, splicing regulation, post-translational regulation and proteomics. In conclusion, all the major human diseases are discussed with a facilitated technology transfer, advancements, loopholes, and tentative future research prospects have also been proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1119-1134
Number of pages16
JournalMetabolic Brain Disease
Issue number6
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • Cancer
  • Genetic diseases
  • Neurodegenerative and cardiovascular diseases
  • Non‐coding RNA
  • lncRNA
  • miRNA


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