The cysteine-specific modifiers we reported previously, N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and iodoacetanilide (IAA), have been applied to label cysteine residues of peptides in combination with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), and their scope in proteomic studies was examined. Peptides modified with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) or iodoacetanilide (IAA) showed significant enhancement in ionization efficiencies. These modifiers were also found to remain intact in tandem mass spectrometry. Both combinations of N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) and d5-N-ethylmaleimide (d5-NEM), and iodoacetanilide (IAA) and 13C6-iodoacetanilide (13C6-IAA) were also shown to be applicable to quantitative analysis of a peptide.
- Amino acid modifiers
- Mass spectrometry