Electron-Phonon and Spin-Lattice Coupling in Atomically Thin Layers of MnBi2Te4

Jeongheon Choe, David Lujan, Martin Rodriguez-Vega, Zhipeng Ye, Aritz Leonardo, Jiamin Quan, T. Nathan Nunley, Liang Juan Chang, Shang Fan Lee, Jiaqiang Yan, Gregory A. Fiete, Rui He, Xiaoqin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

MnBi2Te4 represents a new class of magnetic topological insulators in which novel quantum phases emerge at temperatures higher than those found in magnetically doped thin films. Here, we investigate how couplings between electron, spin, and lattice are manifested in the phonon spectra of few-septuple-layer thick MnBi2Te4. After categorizing phonon modes by their symmetries, we study the systematic changes in frequency, line width, and line shape of a spectrally isolated A1g mode. The electron-phonon coupling increases in thinner flakes as manifested in a broader phonon line width, which is likely due to changes of the electron density of states. In 4- and 5-septuple thick samples, the onset of magnetic order below the Néel temperature is concurrent with a transition to an insulating state. We observe signatures of a reduced electron-phonon scattering across this transition as reflected in the reduced Fano parameter. Finally, spin-lattice coupling is measured and modeled from temperature-dependent phonon frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6139-6145
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Volume21
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 28 2021

Keywords

  • Raman spectroscopy
  • electron-phonon interaction
  • magnetic materials
  • spin-lattice coupling
  • topological materials
  • van der Waals materials

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