El [∫]oquero: /t∫/ variation in huelva capital and surrounding towns

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This study examines allophonic realizations of /t∫/ in Huelva (Western Andalucía) to assess if the traditional Andalusian [∫] variant is being maintained or if, similar to Eastern Andalucía, it is undergoing dialect levelling in favor of the Castilian [t∫] variant (Melguizo Moreno, 2007; Moya Corral and García Wiedemann, 1995a, 1995b; Villena Ponsoda, 1996). The study acoustically analyzed /t∫/ realizations based on 31 sociolinguistic interviews (15 men, 16 women) of speakers from the city of Huelva and surrounding towns. A mixed effects logistic regression and a conditional inference tree reveal that [t∫] is most favored by younger and middle-aged women of all educational levels and younger and middle-aged men with university education. A gender by semantic category interaction found that men favor [∫] with words of local foods and with the local gentilic (choquero/a) more than with nonlocal words. The results imply that there is a change in apparent time (Labov, 1994) from [∫] to [t∫] in Huelva, similar to cities in Eastern Andalucía. However, [∫] remains a linguistic resource among men for constructing a local identity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-90
Number of pages36
JournalEstudios de Fonetica Experimental
StatePublished - 2020


  • /t∫/ variation
  • Andalusian Spanish
  • Dialect levelling
  • Social dialectology
  • Sociophonetics
  • Sound change
  • Variationist sociolinguistics


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