Effects of zilpaterol hydrochloride with or without an estrogen-trenbolone acetate terminal implant on carcass traits, retail cutout, tenderness, and muscle fiber diameter in finishing steers

J. D. Kellermeier, A. W. Tittor, J. C. Brooks, M. L. Galyean, D. A. Yates, J. P. Hutcheson, W. T. Nichols, M. N. Streeter, B. J. Johnson, M. F. Miller

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Abstract

Our objective was to determine the effects of feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH), a β-agonist, for the final 30 d of the feeding period, with or without a terminal estrogen + trenbolone acetate (TBA) implant (Revalor-S; 24 mg of estradiol-17β and 120 mg of TBA; REV) on meat tenderness and carcass cutout yields. Crossbred steers (n = 2,279) were divided into 6 BW blocks and 24 pens. Within each block, pens were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 treatments: 1) no terminal implant (control); 2) a terminal REV given 91 d before slaughter; 3) no terminal implant plus ZH; and 4) a terminal REV implant plus ZH (REV+ZH). All cattle received Component TE-IS (16 mg of estradiol and 80 mg of TBA) on d 61 of the feeding period. Zilpaterol hydrochloride was added to the diets at a concentration of 8.38 mg/kg (DM basis) during the final 30 d of the feeding period, followed by a 3-d period before slaughter in which ZH was withdrawn from the diet. Carcasses (n = 30/treatment) were selected from the 2,279 cattle and fabricated into subprimal cuts as per Institutional Meat Purchase Specifications. Strip loins were collected, cut into 2.54-cm steaks, and aged 7, 14, and 21 d, after which Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), collagen content, desmin degradation, and muscle fiber diameter measurements were determined. Feeding ZH increased (P < 0.05) yield of the #112A ribeye roll, #116B chuck mock tender, #167A peeled knuckle, #169 top inside round, #171B outside round, #171C eye of round, #180 strip loin, #184 top sirloin butt, and #189A full tenderloin for ZH treatment. Longissimus muscle WBSF at 7, 14, and 21 d postmortem was increased (P < 0.001) with ZH supplementation. Desmin degradation at 7, 14, and 21 d postmortem was not affected with REV or ZH supplementation compared with controls. Zilpaterol hydrochloride had an additive effect with REV on increasing LM fiber diameter (P < 0.001). When fed to cattle that received a terminal implant of REV, ZH potentially increased LM WBSF as a result of induced muscle hypertrophy. During the 21-d aging period, WBSF decreased with aging, suggesting that carcasses from cattle supplemented with ZH might require longer aging time to ensure that acceptable levels of tenderness are reached.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3702-3711
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume87
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Cattle
  • Estrogen + trenbolone acetate implant
  • Tenderness
  • Zilpaterol hydrochloride

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