Effects of water stress on plant growth and root proteins in three cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa) with different levels of drought tolerance

Eugenio Pérez-Molphe-Balch, Manuel Gidekel, Magdalena Segura-Nieto, Luís Herrera-Estrella, Neftalí Ochoa-Alejo

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is considered a drought-sensitive crop species; however, within this species, there are considerable varietal differences in sensitivity to this environmental stress. In the present work, the effect of water stress on germination, plant growth and root proteins in three rice cultivars (Sinaloa, IR10120 and Chiapas) was analyzed. Seed germination and plant growth were found to be significantly inhibited by polyethylene glycol (PEG)-imposed water deficit in cv. Sinaloa; cvs IR10120 and Chiapas were more tolerant to water stress. Fluorographs of two-dimensional electropherograms of in vivo-labeled polypeptides were analyzed to identify changes in the root protein patterns that resulted when plants were grown in the presence of 10% PEG for 10 days. The treatment induced or increased the synthesis of eight polypeptides or groups of polypeptides in cv. Sinaloa, seven in cv. IR10120 and four in cv. Chiapas. The synthesis of several polypeptides was decreased by the PEG treatment in cv. Sinaloa and cv. IR10120. Most of these PEG-induced changes in the root protein patterns were cultivar-specific and only one 26-kDa protein with a pI of 6.0 was induced by water deficit in the two cultivars Sinaloa and IR10120.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

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Keywords

  • Oryza sativa
  • Protein pattern
  • Rice
  • Water deficit

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