Effects of type of ionophore and carrier on in vitro ruminal dry matter disappearance, gas production, and fermentation end products of a concentrate substrate

C. H. Ponce, D. R. Smith, M. E. Branine, M. E. Hubbert, M. L. Galyean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of ionophore type and carrier on in vitro ruminal digestion and fermentation patterns of a concentrate substrate were evaluated at various incubation times. Treatments were: control (no ionophore); lasalocid sodium commercial premix (Bov); lasalocid sodium mycelium cake (LasBio); laidlomycin sodium salt (LaidNa); laidlomycin propionate commercial premix (LaidPro); monensin sodium salt (Mon); and monensin sodium commercial premix (Rum). The Bov, LasBio, Mon, and Rum treatments supplied 4 μg of ionophore/mL of culture volume, whereas the LaidNa and LaidPro treatments supplied 1.33 μg of ionophore/mL. Total gas and methane production did not differ among treatments at any of the incubation times (P>0.09). Similarly, in vitro dry matter disappearance (IVDMD) was not affected by treatment (P>0.28) at 6, 18, and 24. h of incubation; however, IVDMD (P=0.03) was greater for ionophores than for the control at 12. h of incubation. Molar proportions of acetate (P<0.01), acetate:propionate (P<0.01), and total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations (P<0.01) were decreased and propionate was increased (P<0.001) for the average of all ionophore-containing substrates compared with the control. Total VFA were decreased by Bov, LaidNa, and Rum, contrasted with their specific counterparts (LasBio, LaidPro, and Mon, respectively; P<0.05). Differences were detected among ionophore types for acetate (lasalocid vs. laidlomycin; P<0.05), propionate (lasalocid vs. monensin; P<0.05), and butyrate (monensin vs. lasalocid or laidlomycin; P<0.05). Capture of metabolic hydrogen in end products of fermentation was greater for ionophore-containing treatments (P<0.01) than for the control. These data suggest limited unique effects of ionophore type or carrier on IVDMD, total gas production, and methane; however, VFA proportions varied among ionophore types and carriers, which deserves further study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-229
Number of pages7
JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
Volume171
Issue number2-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2012

Keywords

  • In vitro
  • Ionophores
  • Methane
  • Ruminal fermentation
  • Volatile fatty acids

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