Effects of supplemental lysine and methionine with zilpaterol hydrochloride on feedlot performance, carcass merit, and skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in finishing feedlot cattle

A. D. Hosford, J. E. Hergenreder, J. K. Kim, J. O. Baggerman, F. R.B. Ribeiro, M. J. Anderson, K. S. Spivey, W. Rounds, B. J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Feeding zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) with ruminally protected AA was evaluated in a small-pen feeding trial. Crossbred steers (n = 180; initial BW = 366 kg) were blocked by weight and then randomly assigned to treatments (45 pens; 9 pens/ treatment). Treatment groups consisted of no ZH and no AA (Cont−), ZH and no AA (Cont+), ZH and a ruminally protected lysine supplement (Lys), ZH and a ruminally protected methionine supplement (Met), and ZH and ruminally protected lysine and methionine (Lys+Met). Zilpaterol hydrochloride (8.3 mg/kg DM) was fed for the last 20 d of the finishing period with a 3-d withdrawal period. Lysine and Met were top dressed daily for the 134-d feeding trial to provide 12 or 4 g·hd1·d1, respectively, to the small intestine. Carcass characteristics, striploins, and prerigor muscle samples were collected following harvest at a commercial facility. Steaks from each steer were aged for 7, 14, 21, and 28 d, and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) was determined as an indicator of tenderness. Prerigor muscle samples were used for immunohistological analysis. Cattle treated with Met and Lys+Met had increased final BW (P < 0.3) and ADG (P < 0.05) compared to Cont− and Cont+. Supplementation of Lys, Met, and Lys+Met improved G:F (P < 0.05) compared to Cont− during the ZH feeding period (d 111 to 134) as well as the entire feeding period (P < 0.05). Zilpaterol hydrochloride increased carcass ADG (P < 0.05) when compared to non-ZHfed steers. Methionine and Lys+Met treatments had heavier HCW (P < 0.02) than that of Cont−. Yield grade was decreased (P < 0.04) for Cont+ steers compared to steers treated with Lys, Lys+Met, and Cont−. Tenderness was reduced (P < 0.05) with ZH regardless of AA supplementation. Lysine, Met, Lys+Met, and Cont+ had less tender steaks (P < 0.05) throughout all aging groups compared to Cont−. Steaks from Lys-treated steers were less tender (P < 0.05) than those of Cont+ during the 7-and 14-d aging periods. Nuclei density was the greatest with Cont− cattle compared to all other treatments suggesting a dilution effect of the nuclei in the larger muscle fibers with ZH feeding. Supplementation of Met in conjunction with ZH feeding increased ADG and HCW although this may lead to decreased tenderness even after aging for 28 d. These findings indicated that steers fed ZH may require additional AA absorbed from the small intestine to maximize performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4532-4544
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume93
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 8 2015

Keywords

  • Beef steer
  • Lysine
  • Methionine
  • Zilpaterol hydrochloride
  • β-adrenergic agonist

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of supplemental lysine and methionine with zilpaterol hydrochloride on feedlot performance, carcass merit, and skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in finishing feedlot cattle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this