Effects of political institutions on punctuated-equilibrium in local emergency management policy processes: Examination of county governments in Florida, U.S

Sung Wook Kwon, Sang Ok Choi, Sang Seok Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper extends punctuated-equilibrium theory to the local level by investigating how local political institutions influence local emergency management policy processes in county governments in Florida, U.S. The results show that county governments with a reformed form of government and home rule charter prioritize emergency situations more quickly in the policy process resulting in larger-scale budget changes than counties that have a traditional commission form and no home rule authority. Higher level of punctuation in counties with reformed political institutions is explained by political and administrative incentives of county mayors and managers, as well as political and fiscal discretion from state government.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-211
Number of pages19
JournalLex Localis
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Form of government
  • Home rule charter
  • Local emergency management policy
  • Policy process
  • Political institution
  • Punctuated-equilibrium

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