EFFECTS OF PAPAIN, FICIN AND SPLEEN ENZYMES ON TEXTURAL, VISUAL, COOKING AND SENSORY PROPERTIES OF BEEF BULLOCK RESTRUCTURED STEAKS

M. F. MILLER, G. W. DAVIS, S. C. SEIDEMAN, C. B. RAMSEY, T. L. ROLAN

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Abstract

Twelve blends were formulated from young bullocks to contain 0, 0.125, 0.250 or 0.375% spleen extract, papain or ficin enzymes. All blends were analyzed for chemical, sensory and visual properties. Control blends were superior to all enzyme treated restructured steaks for flavor desirability and overall satisfaction ratings. Type and level of enzyme significantly decreased fat and increased moisture percentages, and the enzymatic degradation of the myofibril caused emulsion instability. Cooking loss and cooking time were longer for blends made with enzymes as the protein matrix was denatured extensively. Storage time was reduced significantly with the addition of spleen enzymes and all restructured steaks were undesirable for raw appearance ratings. Restructured steaks formulated with these enzymes had reduced connective tissue amount; however, the proper level of these enzymes needs to be studied further in order to minimize the problems in binding and sensory properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Food Quality
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1988

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