Effects of network dissolution changes on pore-to-core upscaled reaction rates for kaolinite and anorthite reactions under acidic conditions

Daesang Kim, W. Brent Lindquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have extended reactive flow simulation in pore-network models to include geometric changes in the medium from dissolution effects. These effects include changes in pore volume and reactive surface area, as well as topological changes that open new connections. The computed changes were based upon a mineral map from an X-ray computed tomography image of a sandstone core. We studied the effect of these changes on upscaled (pore-scale to core-scale) reaction rates and compared against the predictions of a continuum model. Specifically, we modeled anorthite and kaolinite reactions under acidic flow conditions during which the anorthite reactions remain far from equilibrium (dissolution only), while the kaolinite reactions can be near-equilibrium. Under dissolution changes, core-scale reaction rates continuously and nonlinearly evolved in time. At higher injection rates, agreement with predictions of the continuum model degraded significantly. For the far-from-equilibrium reaction, our results indicate that the ability to correctly capture the heterogeneity in dissolution changes in the reactive mineral surface area is critical to accurately predict upscaled reaction rates. For the near-equilibrium reaction, the ability to correctly capture the heterogeneity in the saturation state remains critical. Inclusion of a Nernst-Planck term to ensure neutral ionic currents under differential diffusion resulted in at most a 9% correction in upscaled rates. Key Points Reactive flow with dissolution changes was simulated in a network model Changes were produced in one of three grain types in the solid matrix Geometric and reaction rate factors exert differing influence with flow rate

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7575-7586
Number of pages12
JournalWater Resources Research
Volume49
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • dissolution
  • network flow models
  • reaction rates
  • upscaling

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