Effects of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) metabolites on cricket (Acheta domesticus) survival and reproductive success

Baohong Zhang, Christina M. Freitag, Jaclyn E. Cañas, Qiuqiong Cheng, Todd A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of two major hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) metabolites, hexahydro-1-nitroso-3,5-dinitro-1,3,5-triazine (MNX) and hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitroso-1,3,5-triazine (TNX), on cricket (Acheta domesticus) survival and reproduction was studied. RDX metabolites did not have adverse effects on cricket survival, growth, and egg production. However, MNX and TNX did affect egg hatching. MNX and TNX were more toxic in spiked-sand than in topical tests. TNX was more toxic to egg than MNX. Developmental stage and exposure time affected hatching. After 30 days exposure to MNX or TNX, the EC20, EC50, and EC95 were 47, 128, and 247 μg/g for TNX, and 65, 140, and 253 μg/g for MNX in topical tests. The ECs for 20, 50, and 95 were 21, 52, and 99 μg/g for MNX, and 12, 48, and 97 μg/g for TNX in sand. No gross abnormalities in cricket nypmhs were observed in all experiments indicating that neither TNX or MNX is teratogenic in this assay.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-544
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Cricket
  • Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine
  • Reproductive toxicology, Acheta domesticus

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