Effects of graded levels of bentonite on serum clinical profiles, metabolic hormones, and serum swainsonine concentrations in lambs fed locoweed (Oxytropis sericea).

G. D. Pulsipher, M. L. Galyean, D. M. Hallford, G. S. Smith, D. E. Kiehl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine which clay minerals have the potential to bind swainsonine, an in vitro screening procedure was conducted. Twenty compounds were screened in one replicated in vitro trial. A commercially available bentonite bound approximately 10% swainsonine and was chosen for use in a subsequent lamb feeding trial. Twenty fine-wool lambs (30.5 +/- .7 kg) were assigned to one of five treatments (four lambs/treatment). Treatments included 1) positive control, 100% sorghum sudangrass hay, 2) 85% sorghum sudangrass:15% locoweed (Oxytropis sericea, 430 ppm [DM basis] of swainsonine) +0 g of bentonite, 3) Treatment 2 + 14 g of bentonite, 4) Treatment 2 + 28 g of bentonite, and 5) Treatment 2 + 42 g of bentonite. Lambs were fed the experimental diets for 35 d and were then fed the positive control diet for an additional 21 d. Lambs were weighted and blood was collected via jugular venipuncture weekly from d 0 through 56. On d 35, additional blood samples were collected 1, 2, 4, and 8 h after feeding. Weekly blood samples were analyzed for serum clinical chemistry profiles, and additional blood samples collected on d 35 were analyzed for serum metabolic hormones and serum swainsonine concentrations. Within 1 wk, serum alkaline phosphatase and glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase activities increased markedly (P < .05) in lambs fed locoweed. Serum insulin, growth hormone, and prolactin concentrations were not affected by feeding locoweed, but serum triiodothyronine and thyroxine concentrations were decreased by approximately 50% (P < .05) in lambs fed locoweed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1561-1569
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994

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