Effects of freeze-drying on the glass temperature of cyclic polystyrenes

S. L. Simon, P. Bernazzani, G. B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


The calorimetric glass temperature was measured for three cyclic polystyrenes with apparent molecular weights ranging from 4.0×10 3 to 195.5×103g/mol for both bulk material and for samples freeze-dried from dilute solution. Freeze-drying from dilute solution was found to reduce the glass temperature by 7-14 K depending on the sample. These Tg depressions are 5-12 K greater than those found previously for freeze-dried linear polystyrene. Annealing at 403.2 and 443.2 K (130 and 170°C) resulted in recovery of the Tg back to the bulk value with the time scales depending on both temperature and the magnitude of the Tg reduction; the low apparent activation energy dependence of the recovery of Tg precludes its being due to viscous flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8025-8032
Number of pages8
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Freeze-drying
  • Glass transition temperature
  • Polystyrene


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