Effects of exotic Lonicera and Rhamnus on songbird nest predation

Kenneth A. Schmidt, Christopher J. Whelan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

180 Scopus citations


Habitat fragmentation and disturbance exacerbate the invasion of exotic plant species that, in turn, may attract nesting songbirds by providing a branch structure suitable for nest sites. We document that American Robin (Turdus migratorius) nests in two exotic plants, Lonicera maackii and Rhamnus cathartica, experienced higher predation than nests built in comparable native shrubs (Crataegus, Viburnum) and native tree species. This was due to a combination of lower nest height, the absence of sharp thorns on the exotic species, and perhaps a branch architecture that facilitated predator movement among the exotic species. In a more subtle interaction, nesting Wood Thrushes (Hylocichla mustelina) experienced apparent competition with robins for nest sites in Lonicera, and this interaction was further aggravated by an increased selectivity for Lonicera by nesting robins, possibly due to their early leaf flush and expansion. By documenting increased nest predation in songbirds nesting in exotic shrubs, our results suggest that restoring native plant communities may benefit the surrounding avian community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1502-1506
Number of pages5
JournalConservation Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1999


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