Effectiveness of a Kansas City, Jail-Based Intervention to Improve Cervical Health Literacy and Screening, One-Year Post-Intervention

Amanda M. Emerson, Sharla Smith, Jaehoon Lee, Patricia J. Kelly, Megha Ramaswamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To assess effectiveness, 1-year post-intervention, of a program delivered in jails with women to improve cervical health literacy (CHL) and up-to-date Papanicolaou (Pap) screening. Design: Pre-post design to evaluate Pap screening and CHL effects 1 year after our original randomized wait-list control study. Setting: Surveys conducted in Kansas City, 2015 to 2017 (baseline in 2014). Participants: Adult women (n = 133). Intervention: One-week (10-contact-hour), small-group, CHL program. Measures: Surveys to assess CHL components and up-to-date Pap screening. Analysis: χ2 and t tests, followed by best-subsets logistic regression using sociodemographic and CHL components to fit an optimal model for up-to-date screening 1-year post-intervention. Results: 73% (133/182) women retained at 1-year. From pre-intervention, 6 of 8 CHL components improved (.01 > P >.001). Up-to-date Pap screenings increased over pre-intervention (72%-82%, P <.05). Best-subset model to predict up-to-date screening included age; public benefits; medical insurance; 5 CHL components (knowledge, benefits, barriers, seriousness, susceptibility). Conclusion: A brief intervention to promote cervical health literacy, delivered with women during a jail detention, can lead to sustained improvements in CHL and prevention practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-90
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • behavior change
  • preventive screening
  • women’s health

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