Effectiveness of a home-based exercise and nutrition program for senior adults on muscle quality: A scoping review: A Scoping Review

Emily Salas-Groves, Allison Childress, Kembra Albracht-Schulte, Michelle Alcorn, Shannon Galyean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This scoping review investigates the volume of evidence for home-based exercise and nutrition programs and their effect on muscle quality among senior adults to inform implementation and future research. It aims to answer the research question: What are the evidence, challenges, and needs for research regarding a home-based exercise and nutrition intervention program to improve muscle outcomes in senior adults? This scoping review was conducted following the PRISMA extension for Scoping Review. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Scopus, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Applied filters were used to help condense the research articles. A total of 13 studies met the inclusion criteria for this scoping review. Most exercise interventions were either resistance or multi-component exercise programs. The nature of the nutrition intervention varied between different supplements, foods, education, or counseling. Muscle outcomes included muscle mass in nine studies, muscle function in all the studies, muscle strength in ten studies, and biochemical analyses in two studies. Two studies found improvements in muscle mass; two studies revealed improvements in all their muscle function tests; and three studies revealed improvements in muscle strength. Muscle biopsy in a study revealed enhanced muscle fibers, but both studies did not reveal any biomarker improvements. The scoping review findings revealed mixed results on the effectiveness of a home-based exercise and nutrition program. However, the current evidence does have many gaps to address before recommending this form of intervention for senior adults as an effective way to prevent and manage sarcopenia. Since this review identified multiple knowledge gaps, strengths, and limitations in this growing field, it can be a starting point to help build future study designs and interventions in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1091
Number of pages25
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume18
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • home-based exercise program
  • muscle function
  • muscle mass
  • muscle strength
  • nutrition
  • senior adults

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