Effect of surface coatings on aluminum fuel particles toward nanocomposite combustion

Keerti S. Kappagantula, Michelle L. Pantoya, Jillian Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flame front velocity (FFV) of three energetic material composites was measured in order to understand the effects of surface functionalization on aluminum reactivity. Composites were prepared using molybdenum trioxide (MoO3) and aluminum (Al) fuel particles with and without surface functionalization. The surface functionalization consisted of a 5-nm-thick layer (35% by weight) of perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTD) bonded to the Al2O3 surface of the Al particles. The first composite consisted of Al functionalized with PFTD and MoO3, the second consisted of Al with MoO3 and added PFTD particles to the same weight percentage as in the Al functionalized PFTD, and the third composite consisted of Al with MoO3. The results showed a dramatic increase in FFV from 100 to 500m/s resulting from the surface functionalization. The results of the experiments show that the surface functionalized Al composite (Al-PFTD/MoO3) has a reaction rate 2× than that of the simple Al/MoO3 and 3.5× than that of the Al/MoO3/PFTD composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-459
Number of pages4
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume237
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 25 2013

Keywords

  • Acid coatings
  • Activation energy
  • Aluminum combustion
  • Flame velocity
  • Fluoropolymer combustion
  • Self-assembled monolayers

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