The effect on cell viability and growth rate of sodium selenite, selenocystine, sodium selenate, and selenomethionine at selenium concentrations of 6.25 and 12.5 u M was studied in vitro on cells of the human mammary tumor cell line HTB123/DU4475. Selenite and selenocystine affected both cell viability and growth rate of the tumor cells at these selenium concentrations. Selenite and selenocystine decreased intracellular glutathione concentrations, but did not affect tumor cell glutathione peroxidase activity. After six days of exposure to either selenate or selenomethionine, the viability of tumor cells remained stable, but cell growth, as measured by numbers of cells, was retarded. Neither selenate nor selenomethionine produced changes in concentrations of intracellular glutathione. The toxic effect of selenite on tumor cells was enhanced by addition of 0.25 m M glutathione to the growth medium. Preincubation of the tumor cells with 62.5 u M buthionine sulfoximine decreased cellular glutathione to 15% of controls at 24 h and enhanced the toxicity of selenite toward the tumor cells. Glutathione, 2-mercaptoethanol, and l-cysteine were all toxic to the tumor cells in a dose-dependent manner.
- Human mammary tumor cells
- buthionine sulfoximine
- cellular glutathione depletion
- glutathione peroxidase