Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 effects proliferation and differentiation of numerous cell types by binding to insulin-like growth factors (IGF) and attenuating their activity or by directly affecting cells in an IGF-independent manner. Consequently, IGFBPs produced by specific cells may affect their differentiation and proliferation. In this study we show that embryonic porcine myogenic cells, unlike murine muscle cell lines, produce significant quantities of a binding protein immunologically identified as IGFBP-3. Nonfusing cells subcultured from highly fused porcine myogenic cell cultures do not pro, duce detectable IGFBP-3 protein or mRNA, thus suggesting the IGFBP-3 is produced by muscle cells in the porcine myogenic cell cultures. Treatment of porcine myogenic cultures with 20 ng of IGF-I or 20 ng of Des (1-3) IGF-I/ml serum-free media for 24 h results in a threefold reduction in the level of IGFBP-3 in conditioned media. This reduction is not affected by cell density over a sixfold range. Additionally, treatment for 24 h with 20 ng of IGF-I/ml media results in a sevenfold decrease in the steady-state level of IGFBP-3 mRNA. This IGF-I-induced decrease in IGFBP-3 mRNA level appears to be relatively unique to myogenic cells. IGF-I treatment also causes a fourfold increase in the steady-state level of myogenin mRNA. This increase in myogenin mRNA suggests that, as expected, IGF-I treatment accelerates differentiation of myogenic cells. The simultaneous decrease in IGFBP-3 mRNA and protein that accompanies IGF-I-induced myogenin expression suggests that differentiation of myogenic cells may be preceded or accompanied by decreased production of IGFBP-3.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|State||Published - 1999|