Effect of immune system stimulation and divergent selection for residual feed intake on digestive capacity of the small intestine in growing pigs

A. Rakhshandeh, J. C.M. Dekkers, B. J. Kerr, T. E. Weber, J. English, N. K. Gabler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known of the consequences of divergent selection for residual feed intake (RFI) on intestinal digestion capacity, particularly during immune system stimulation (ISS). Our objective was to evaluate the impact of ISS and divergent selection for Rfion apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and apparent fecal digestibility (AFD) of nutrients and intestinal nutrient active transport and barrier function. Twenty-eight gilts (63 ± 4 kg BW) from low Rfi(LRFI; n = 14) and high Rfi(HRFI; n = 14) Yorkshire lines were randomly selected from the Iowa State University Rfiherd. Following adaptation, 8 pigs in each line were injected intramuscularly and every 48 h for 7 d with increasing amounts of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (ISS+). Remaining pigs were injected with saline (ISS-). Pigs were then euthanized and ileal digesta was collected for measuring AID of nutrients. Fecal samples were collected on a daily basis and pooled for measuring AFD of nutrients. A segment of ileum was used to measure nutrient transport and transepithelial resistance (TER) and/or barrier integrity by Ussing chambers. No effects of line or its interaction with ISS on AID of CP (N × 6.25) and OM, TER, and active nutrients transport were observed. However, ISS decreased (P < 0.05) and tended to (P < 0.1) decrease AID of CP and OM, respectively. Decrease in AFD of CP as result of ISS was greater in the LRfiline compared to the HRfiline (P < 0.05). Relative to ISS-, active glucose and P transport was greater in ISS+ pigs (P < 0.05). Genetic selection for LRfiincreases the AFD but has no effect on AID of nutrients. It also reduces the total tract digestive capacity of growing pigs during ISS. Immune system stimulation affects both AID and AFD of dietary CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-235
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume90
Issue numberSUPPL4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Ileal digestibility
  • Immune system stimulation
  • Nutrient transport
  • Residual feed intake

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of immune system stimulation and divergent selection for residual feed intake on digestive capacity of the small intestine in growing pigs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this