Effect of heating on the hemodynamic responses to vasoactive agents

Michael P. Massett, Stephen J. Lewis, Kevin C. Kregel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

During hyperthermia, vasoconstrictor tone in the viscera is lost despite high levels of sympathetic neural outflow and plasma catecholamines, suggesting that vascular responsiveness to adrenergic receptor stimulation is reduced. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adrenoceptor- mediated control of vascular resistance is altered at high body core temperatures. The hemodynamic responses to adrenoceptor agonists were examined in chloralose-anesthetized rats heated to colonic temperatures (T(co)) of 37, 39, and 41.5°C. Elevating T(co) to 39°C did not alter the hemodynamic responses to any of these agents. Further heating to 41.5°C markedly attenuated the hemodynamic responses to α- and β-adrenoceptor agonists. Similarly, the regional and systemic hemodynamic responses to ANG II and endothelin were also reduced at 41.5°C. In contrast, the hemodynamic responses to endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilator agents were unchanged or slightly reduced at 41.5°C. The blunted hemodynamic responses observed at 41.5°C indicate that vascular reactivity to vasoconstrictor agents is reduced with hyperthermia and suggest that this nonspecific change in vascular responsiveness may contribute the circulatory collapse associated with high body temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R844-R853
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume275
Issue number3 44-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Adrenoceptor agonists
  • Hyperthermia
  • Regional vascular resistance
  • Vascular responsiveness
  • Vasodilator agents

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