Effect of flax supplementation and growth promotants on lipoprotein lipase and glycogenin messenger RNA concentrations in finishing cattle

A. T. Waylan, J. D. Dunn, B. J. Johnson, J. P. Kayser, E. K. Sissom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) hydrolyzes triacylglycerols into monoacylglycerol and fatty acids, which are taken up by tissues and used for energy. Glycogenin is the core protein on which glycogen molecules are synthesized. There is one molecule of glycogenin per molecule of glycogen in skeletal muscle; therefore, glycogen storage is limited by the amount of glycogenin present in muscle. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of feeding flaxseed, a source of PUFA, and administering a growth promoter on steady-state LPL and glycogenin mRNA content of muscle in finishing cattle. Sixteen crossbred steers (initial BW = 397 kg), given ad libitum access to a 92% concentrate diet for 28 d, were used in a four-treatment, 2 x 2 factorial experiment, with flaxseed supplementation (0 or 5% of dietary DM) and implanting (not implanted or implanted with Revalor-S) as the main effects. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the LM at 0, 14, and 28 d, and used to quantify LPL and glycogenin mRNA concentrations using real-time quantitative PCR. Implanting with Revalor-S did not affect LPL (P = 0.13) or glycogenin (P = 0.98) mRNA concentrations. A day x flaxseed interaction (P < 0.001) was observed for both LPL and glycogenin mRNA concentrations. No differences (P > 0.10) were observed between 0 and 5% flaxseed supplemented steers; however, at 28 d, nonflaxseed-fed steers had 4.1- and 5.7-fold increases (P < 0.001) over flaxseed steers for LPL and glycogenin mRNA concentrations, respectively. To further evaluate the effects of α-linolenic acid (α-LA) on LPL and glycogenin mRNA concentrations, muscle satellite cells were isolated from five finishing steers, and different α-LA concentrations were applied in culture. The RNA was isolated from the bovine satellite cells. Addition of α-LA numerically increased (P = 0.16) the LPL mRNA concentration 48% at 1 μM α-LA compared with the control. The expression of glycogenin was increased (P < 0.05) 50% at 1 μM α-LA compared with the control. These results suggest that flaxseed supplementation to finishing steers for 28 d decreased gene expression of both LPL and glycogenin compared with not feeding flaxseed. Alterations in local concentrations of these two proteins could affect the ability of muscle to use fatty acids and glucose for energy, and, ultimately, affect carcass quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1868-1875
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume82
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004

Keywords

  • Beef cattle
  • Estradiol-17β
  • Flaxseed
  • Glycogenin
  • Lipoprotein Lipase
  • Trenbolone Acetate

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