Effect of different instructional methods on contamination and personal protective equipment protocol adherence amongveterinary students

Undine Christmann, Gary Vroegindewey, Meredith Rice, Julie A. Williamson, Jason W. Johnson, John J. Dascanio, Stephen R. Werre, F. William Pierson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is crucial to prevent disease spread. Recent studies in human medicine have shown disconcerting inconsistencies in the use of PPE in hospital wards. In this study, we compared the effect of three instructional methods for PPE use on contamination and protocol adherence among veterinary students. Students were divided into three groups according to the instructional method to which they had access (instructional video, wall chart, or both). They underwent an isolation exercise consisting of donning, patient examination (mock patient prepared with contamination marker), and doffing. Student contamination after the exercise was evaluated using UV light. Videos of student performance were reviewed for errors committed. Results showed that the number of students with contamination was higher in the group who only had access to video instruction than in the two other groups. The number of students with contamination on forearms, hands, and wrists was higher in the group who only had access to charts. Disinfecting gloves between doffing steps was the most frequently omitted step. The number of students who touched the environment with unprotected areas of their bodies was higher in the group who only had access to video instruction than in the other two groups. In conclusion, video instruction was less effective in achieving PPE protocol adherence among veterinary students than was instruction with a chart or chart–video combination. Incorporating video instruction as part of the instructions may be valuable to reinforce individual steps of donning and doffing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-90
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Isolation
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Training
  • Veterinary students

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