Effect of chemical activity jumps on the viscoelastic behavior of an epoxy resin: Physical aging response in carbon dioxide pressure jumps

Mataz Alcoutlabi, Francesco Briatico-Vangosa, Gregory B. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the results from tensile creep tests performed on an epoxy resin in the presence of carbon dioxide at different pressures (Pco2) and at a constant temperature below the glass-transition temperature. Time-Pco2 superposition was applied to the data to account for the plasticization effect because of the interaction between the carbon dioxide molecules and the polymer. In addition, physical aging of the epoxy films was investigated with sequential creep tests after carbon dioxide pressure down-jumps at constant temperature and after temperature down-jumps at constant carbon dioxide pressure. The isothermal pressure down-jump experiments showed physical aging responses similar to the isobaric temperature down-jump experiments. However, the aging rate for the CO2 jump was slightly lower than that for the temperature-jump (T-jump) experiments, and the retardation time for the Pco2-jump experiments was up to 6.3 times longer than for the T-jump conditions. The results are discussed in terms of classical physical aging and structural recovery frameworks, and speculation about the differences in the energy landscape resulting from the Pco2-jump and T-jump experiments is also made.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2050-2064
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics
Volume40
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2002

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Creep
  • Energy landscape
  • Epoxy network
  • Glass transition
  • Physical aging
  • Plasticizers
  • Viscoelastic properties

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