Effect of alloxan and insulin immunoneutralization on circulating thyroid hormone levels in larval landlocked sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus

Yung Hsi Kao, Richard G. Manzon, Mark A. Sheridan, John F. Leatherland, John A. Holmes, John H. Youson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of alloxan, an insulin (INS)-secreting cell toxin, and INS immunoneutralization on circulating levels of thyroid hormones (thyroxine, T4; triiodothyronine, T3) were examined in larval landlocked sea lampreys, Petromyzon marinus. Animals were injected intraperitoneally with either (Experiment 1) saline (0.6%) or alloxan (20 or 200 μg/g body weight), or with (Experiment 2) normal rabbit serum or anti-lamprey INS. Alloxan (200 μg/g) decreased plasma T3, but not T4, in larvae by about 45-80%. Three, six, or nine hr after acute immunoneutralization of lamprey INS with anti-lamprey INS, plasma T3 levels decreased by 13-30%, relative to controls. These data indicate that INS deficiency can regulate the thyroid system of larval lampreys. There is some suggestion that INS may mediate the metamorphic processes by modulating thyroid hormone concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-638
Number of pages4
JournalZoological Science
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

Keywords

  • Alloxan
  • Insulin
  • Lamprey
  • Thyroxine
  • Triiodothyronine

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