Edge surface grinding of CFRP composites using rotary ultrasonic machining: comparison of two machining methods

Yuanchen Li, Chengzu Ren, Hui Wang, Yingbin Hu, Fuda Ning, Xinlin Wang, Weilong Cong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


Edge surface grinding has been widely applied in achieving functional surfaces and repairing the damage surfaces of carbon fiber–reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites especially with complex three-dimensional features. The conventional surface grinding (CSG) usually generates surface damages, leading to reduced service life and load-carrying capability of the parts. Therefore, there is a critical need to develop a surface grinding process of CFRP composites in a high-quality and high-efficiency way. Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM) surface grinding has been proven to be such a process. In addition, RUM edge surface grinding can be conducted by up surface grinding or down surface grinding. However, the difference between up surface grinding and down surface grinding with RUM has not been reported. In this paper, the comparison between up surface grinding and down surface grinding with RUM is studied for the first time. The effects of the grinding parameters on machining performance, including cutting force, surface roughness, and surface morphology characteristics, are experimentally studied. The results show that the cutting forces in up grinding are obviously larger than those in down grinding. Lower surface roughness is generated by down grinding when grinding parameters are kept unchanged. The reasons for the differences of cutting forces and surface integrity are discussed. Surface morphologies suggest clearly that brittle fracture is the predominant material removal mode in grinding of CFRP composites. The chip size of the resin, the fracture size of the carbon fiber, and the material removal scale are smaller in down grinding. Furthermore, compared with CSG, the advantages of RUM surface grinding are presented. This investigation will provide useful guidance for surface grinding of CFRP composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3237-3248
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number9-12
StatePublished - Feb 25 2019



  • Carbon fiber–reinforced plastic (CFRP) composites
  • Cutting force
  • Machined surface integrity
  • Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM)
  • Up/down surface grinding

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