E-cigarette use among Asian Americans: a systematic review

Molin Shi, Jordan A. Gette, Tre D. Gissandaner, Jeffrey T. Cooke, Andrew K. Littlefield

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has been rising among adolescents and adults in the United States, including among Asian Americans. However, despite being one of the largest racial/ethnic minority groups, the specific trends and patterns of e-cigarette use among Asian Americans are understudied and unclear. This review aimed to summarize relevant information in the last two decades. This systematic review followed the a priori guide outlined by the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. Articles were gathered from PsycINFO, PubMed, Sage Journals Online, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink. Forty articles were reviewed and analyzed. Most articles reviewed only reported on the prevalence rate of e-cigarettes among Asian Americans and indicated regional differences. Results noted between- and within-group differences among racial/ethnic groups that warrant further examination. There is a dearth of information regarding health outcomes and correlates or predictors of e-cigarette use among Asian Americans. Despite its popularity and prevalence among Asian Americans, the use of e-cigarettes and related factors or outcomes deserves more nuanced studies and analyses. It is important to delineate subgroup differences by adjusting study designs and data analytic methods to glean meaningful information regarding Asian American’s e-cigarette use in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1198
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022


  • Asian Americans
  • Electronic cigarettes
  • e-cigarettes
  • electronic nicotine delivery systems
  • systematic review


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