Dynamic response of finite sized elastic runways subjected to moving loads: A coupled BEM/FEM approach

G. Pan, S. N. Atluri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transient response of a finite elastic plate, resting on an elastic half‐space, and subjected to moving loads is considered here. Both the cases of an elastic foundation alone, as well as a finite sized elastic plate resting on an elastic foundation are considered. The numerical methods employed are: (1) the time‐domain boundary element method for the elastic foundation and (2) a combination of the time‐domain boundary element method for the soil and the semi‐discrete finite element method for the finite sized elastic plate. Both constant as well as linear‐time‐interpolation schemes are included in the BEM. The integration is carried out analytically in time. The analytical solution for a moving point load on an infinite elastic plate resting on an elastic half‐space is derived here. This is used as a benchmark against which the present numerical solution is compared with. The accuracy of the numerical method is also verified by comparing the solutions with some existing numerical results; the comparison with the solutions based on a Winkler foundation model reveals the limitations of the applicability of such a model, especially in the cases of high velocities of the moving load. This is because neither the inertia of the foundation, nor the behaviour of the foundation as a continuum, can be properly accounted for in Winkler's model. A parametric study is conducted, and the influences of velocity of the moving load, load distribution, etc. on the dynamic response of the soil/runway system are investigated. Furthermore, the present computational method is applied to the problem of a transport airplane taxiing on a concrete pavement resting on a typical soil. The responses of pavements are presented for different taxiing velocities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3143-3166
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Volume38
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 1995

Keywords

  • boundary element
  • finite element
  • moving load
  • runway

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