Down syndrome and fathering: An exploration of hope, satisfaction, & coping

Gail Bentley, Anisa Zvonkovic, Michael McCarty, Nicole Springer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study utilized a non-deficit model and the theory of Ambiguous Loss to explore attitudes of hope and satisfaction for fathers of children with Down syndrome at two points in time. Using a person oriented mixed methods approach, a cluster analysis was used to examine how attitudes of fathers may be related to coping strategies and behaviors. Three clusters were identified from the sample of 50 fathers that differed in their hope and satisfaction scores, as well as their coping behaviors. Further understanding of the clusters was found as a result of a qualitative directed content analysis of text responses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
JournalFathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers
StatePublished - Apr 2015


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